Agriculture is the backbone of the Tanzania economy. The sector is and will continue to remain being the foundation of the Tanzania economy. Year 2015 the sector accounted for 29 per cent of the GDP, it provides about 100 percent of domestic food requirement, in 2016 it was 125 percent. The sector has employed about 65.5 per cent of the population and 75 per cent of the labour force. Moreover, agriculture provides a substantial amount of raw materials for industries while accounts for about 65 per cent of agricultural GDP and cash crops accounts for about 10 percent. Maize is the most important crop accounting for over 20 per cent of agricultural GDP. Agricultural export crops have been growing at about 6 per cent while food crops have been growing at about 4 per cent. Food and cash crops account for about 70 per cent of rural incomes. Therefore, the sector has potentials to lift many of the poor people out of poverty and contribute to achieving Tanzania development goal of graduating into the middle income economy by 2025
According to the 2012 National Population and Housing Census, youth unemployment poses a very serious challenge to the achievement of Tanzania Development Vision. The Tanzanian labour force (ages 15 – 64) includes 23.5 million people, or 52.2% of the total population is under unemployment; and the youth population (ages 15 – 35) is 15.6 million (equivalent to 66.4% of the labour force) is among the column. The unemployment rate among young people aged 15 – 24 years is 13.4%. Unemployment varies by gender, with 14.3% of females and 12.3% of males unemployed. Urban areas are hardest hit by unemployment, reaching 22.3% compared to 7.1% in the rural areas.
More than 78% of the Tanzanian population is engaging is agriculture and improved private industrial sector to meet their mid economic status. Over 28 percent of the country’s land is an arable land suitable for farming. Overall, 75 percent of Tanzanian’s population derives at least part of their livelihoods from agriculture. That so, agriculture will continue be single largest employer of the country and it has estimated that agriculture has contributed 29.1% of the Tanzania GDP in 2016.
As agriculture being considered as a single largest employer of the country, Tanzania has shown strong commitment to engage agriculture sector to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the current Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); Tanzania Development Vision 2025 and National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty II (NSGRP II) all of which address the economic growth and poverty reduction issues. The Government of Tanzania plays great role to create enabling environment for effective youth participation in economic activities including agricultural production as indicated above. However, there has been low participation of youth in the Agriculture sector, which necessitates the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF) to come up with a specific strategy to promote youth involvement in agricultural economic activities. Efforts has also been made to involve Public Private Partnership Program (PPPP) to support the implementation of the strategy, programs and policies regarding youth involvement in agriculture production.
GBFS areas of support.
- Accessible Innovations for Smallholders:GBFS works with donors to support implementation of women/youth agribusinesses programs that have the potential to smallholder farmers to improve agricultural productivity and increase household income and food security. We provide wide range of expertise in value chains and production systems to increase access to better quality agricultural inputs, improved seeds varieties, introduce new farming systems including post harvesting programs and techniques deriving from different agribusiness models.
- Scaling Up Innovative Agribusiness Programs:GBFS act as a bridge to provide a missing link between what former projects has ended and what has remained as potential desires for the target group intended to achieve in time. This include Agro-Apps Development